Wednesday, December 2, 2015

The Old North State At War: The North Carolina Civil War Atlas

By Mark Anderson Moore with Jessica A. Bandel and Michael Hill



North Carolina Historical Publications

One hundred highly-detailed maps, many spanning a full 17” x 11” page, were created for this landmark study of the impact of the Civil War in the Tar Heel State. Every significant Civil War military engagement in the state is highlighted in this lavishly illustrated, full-color, 200-page, large-size (17” x 11”) hardbound volume.

The North Carolina Civil War Atlas is a comprehensive full-color study of the impact of the war on the Tar Heel State, incorporating 99 original maps. The only state-level atlas of its kind, the book is a sesquicentennial project of the North Carolina Office of Archives and History. The large format (11” x 17”) volume highlights every significant military engagement and analyzes the war’s social, economic, and political consequences through tables, charts, and text. Manuscripts, election returns, newspapers, census records, and other sources were used to prepare the narrative and compile the tabulated data.

From the capture of Hatteras Island and the Burnside Expedition through the fall of Fort Fisher and the Carolinas Campaign of 1865, the state’s Civil War history is examined in a new light. Groundbreaking information includes updated casualty statistics, General Sherman’s route of march, and the role of U.S. Colored Troops. Historic road networks are based on wartime maps created by engineer Jeremy F. Gilmer matched against the earliest modern road surveys. For areas not covered by Gilmer, a variety of primary manuscript map resources were used from the State Archives and the University of North Carolina. Thanks to GIS technology, wartime places and landmarks, identified with their contemporary spellings, are presented in their correct geospatial orientation. Rare photographs complete the package.

The book features detailed maps showing the route of march of Gen. William T. Sherman’s Union army through North Carolina in the spring of 1865 (and Confederate counter maneuvers). Historic road networks and wartime communities are presented with unprecedented spatial accuracy:

Incursion into North Carolina
Route from Cheraw, S.C., to Fayetteville, N.C.
Wartime city of Fayetteville
Cox’s March from New Bern toward Kinston
Battle of Wyse Fork—(3 maps)
Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads—(2 maps)
Battle of Averasboro—(3 maps)
Route from Fayetteville toward Goldsboro and Bentonville
Cox’s March from New Bern to Goldsboro
Battle of Bentonville—(6 maps)
Route from Goldsboro to Raleigh
Occupation of Raleigh and Vicinity
Johnston’s Surrender near Durham Station.


Stagville Plantation (plan)
Somerset Place Plantation (plan)
United States on the Eve of the Civil War
Fall of Hatteras Island, July-December 1861
Burnside Expedition, February-July 1862
Battle of Roanoke Island, February 7-8, 1862—(2 maps)
Battle of New Bern, March 14, 1862
Engagement at South Mills, April 19, 1862 (with inset)
Fort Macon (structure)
Siege of Fort Macon, February 23-April 26, 1862
Foster’s Raid, December 11-20, 1862
Skirmishes at Southwest Creek, December 13-14, 1862
Engagement at Kinston, December 14, 1862
Engagement at White Hall, December 16, 1862
Engagement at Goldsboro Bridge, December 17, 1862—(2 maps)
Raids and Counterattacks, August-December 1862
Congressional Districts (Congress of the Confederate States), 1861-1865
Raids and Counterattacks, January-June 1863
Raids and Counterattacks, July-December 1863
Expedition against New Bern, March 8-16, 1863
Potter’s Raid, July 18-14, 1863
Raid on the Wilmington & Weldon Railroad, July 3-7, 1863
Siege of Washington, March 30-April 20, 1963—(2 maps)
Raid on Weldon, July 25-August 3, 1863
Wild’s African Brigade, December 5-24, 1863
Bushwhackers and the Union Military Threat from East Tennessee, February 1862-December 1863
Divided Allegiances, February-December 1863
Confederate Resurgence, January-May 1864
Pickett’s Attack on New Bern, January 30-February 3, 1864
Defenses of New Bern (Union), 1864
Martin’s Attack on the Atlantic & N.C. Railroad, January 30-February 4, 1864
Battle of Plymouth, April 17-20, 1864 (including CSS Albemarle ironclad warship, structure)
Naval Engagement in the Roanoke River, April 19, 1864
Union Evacuation of Washington and Hoke’s Advance on New Bern, April 26-May 8, 1864
Naval Engagement in Albemarle Sound, May 5, 1864
Union Reoccupation, June-December 1864
Union Recapture of Plymouth, October 27-31, 1864
Joint Union Expedition to Rainbow Bluff, December 9-21, 1864
Fort Branch (structure and area)
Kirk’s Raid on Camp Vance, June 13-July 15, 1864—(2 maps)
Conventional Operations and Guerrilla Warfare, 1864
CSS Neuse, ironclad warship (structure)
Union Blockade, 1864-1865 (with inset)
City of Wilmington
Cape Fear Estuary and Approaches to Wilmington
Battery Buchanan and Fort Fisher Cross Sections (structure)
Fort Fisher (structure)
Fort Holmes (structure)
Fort Campbell and Battery Shaw (structures)
Fort Caswell (structure)
Fort Johnston/Pender (structure)
Fort Anderson (structure)
Powder Vessel—USS Louisiana (structure)
Joint Expedition to Fort Fisher, December 1864-January 1865
Fort Fisher, First Attack, December 24-25, 1864—(2 maps)
Fort Fisher, Second Attack, January 13-15, 1865—(4 maps)
Wilmington Campaign, February 11-22, 1865
Engagement at Sugar Loaf, February 11, 1865
Engagement at Fort Anderson, February 14-19, 1865
Bombardment of Fort Anderson, February 18, 1865
Engagements at Town Creek and Forks Road, February 19-21, 1865
Bombardment of River Batteries below Wilmington, February 20-21, 1865 (with 2 insets)
Fall of Wilmington, February 22, 1865
Sherman’s March through South Carolina, February 1-March 7, 1865
Incursion into North Carolina, February 26-March 6, 1865
Sherman’s March to Fayetteville, March 6-11, 1865
City of Fayetteville, March 11-14, 1865
Cox’s March from New Bern toward Goldsboro, March 6-7, 1965
Battle of Wyse Fork, March 8-10, 1865—(3 maps)
Battle of Monroe’s Crossroads, March 10, 1865—(2 maps)
Battle of Averasboro, March 15-16, 1865—(3 maps with 2 insets)
Sherman’s March from Fayetteville toward Goldsboro, March 13-21, 1865
Cox’s March to Goldsboro, March 1-21, 1865
Battle of Bentonville, March 19-21, 1865—(6 maps with 1 inset)
Stoneman’s Raid, March 28-April 27, 1865
Engagement at Grant’s Creek, April 12, 1865
Final Actions in the Western Highlands, February-May 1865
Salisbury Prison (plan)
Sherman’s March from Goldsboro to Raleigh, April 10-14, 1865
Union Occupation of Raleigh, April 13-30, 1865
Bennett Place (plan)
Johnston’s Surrender near Durham Station, April 14-26, 1865



Foreword — by Craig Symonds


Chapter 1: “To Arms! To Arms!”: North Carolina and the Coming of the War
     Road to Secession
          Plantation Life: Stagville and Somerset
     Mobilizing and Outfitting the Troops
          Manufacturing for War

Chapter 2: “The Old North State Forever”: North Carolina at War, 1861-1862
     Native Sons Serving outside North Carolina
          Henry Lawson Wyatt
     The Home Front, 1861–1862
     Invasion of the Coast, July 1861– July 1862
     The Burnside Expedition
          One Soldier’s Lasting Memory of Battle Injuries 
          Commendation for Courage
          Seeking Freedom: Vincent Colyer and Refugee Slaves
     Early Raids on the Eastern Interior, August–December 1862

Chapter 3: “With My Face to the Enemy”: North Carolina and the High Tide of the Confederacy, 1863
     Native Sons Serving outside North Carolina
          The Eighteenth North Carolina Infantry and the Death of Stonewall Jackson
          A Dying Son’s Last Words: Col. Isaac E. Avery at Gettysburg
     The Home Front, 1863
          The Freedmen’s Colony on Roanoke Island
     Occupation and Containment
          D. H. Hill: Beleaguered Commander
          Governor Evades Capture 
          Wild’s African Brigade
     Unionist Dissent: The War in the Western Highlands
          Shelton Laurel Massacre
          Hoke Hunts Deserters
     North Carolina’s Union Volunteers

Chapter 4: “This Cruel, Cruel War”: Dissent and Destruction, 1864
     Native Sons Serving outside North Carolina
          Native Sons in Blue: Olustee and New Market Heights
     The Home Front, 1864
          The Bread Riots
          Quakers and Conscientious Objection to the War
     Resistance in the East, 1864
          Gen. James G. Martin
          Brig. Gen. Collett Leventhorpe
     Guerillas and Bushwhackers: The War in the Western Highlands, 1864
          Thomas’s Legion

Chapter 5: Running the Blockade: The War at Sea
     Native Sons in Confederate Naval Service
          John Newland Maffitt
          Capt. James I. Waddell and the CSS Shenandoah
     Wartime Wilmington
     Confederate Defenses of the Cape Fear

Chapter 6: “One Final Push”: Hard Fighting, 1865
     Native Sons Serving outside North Carolina
     The Home Front, 1865
     First Expedition against Fort Fisher, December 1864
     Second Expedition against Fort Fisher, January 1865
          Fort Fisher: Then and Now
     The Fall of Wilmington, January–February 1865
          Gen. Joseph E. Johnston
     Sherman’s March: The Road to Bentonville, February–March 1865
          Gen. William T. Sherman
     The Battle of Bentonville, March 19–21, 1865
          Bentonville: Then and Now
     Stoneman’s Raid and the End of the War in Western North Carolina
          Gen. George Stoneman
          Salisbury Prison
     Sherman’s Final Campaign: Goldsboro to Raleigh, April 1865
     Surrender, April–May 1865

Chapter 7: “To Further the Great Ends of Peace”: Freedom, Sacrifice, Memory
     The War’s Lasting Legacies
          Parker Robbins
          North Carolina’s Civil War Dead

Selected Bibliography



  1. Can you give me more info please on the location of Smith's Mill, near Young's Crossroads? Part of Martin's attack, January 1864.

    1. Heidi, I don't know much about the mill itself, or its exact location. I just know that Martin's troops crossed the White Oak River there. It is closely associated with Young's Crossroads. One Union officer referred to it as "Smith's Mill, or Young's." Some seem to refer to the mill and crossroads interchangeably. The mill itself would have been on the river, likely in the vicinity of the main crossing.